LMD - levels of graduation in european higher education

Published on September 13, 2010 Updated on June 4, 2020

UPEC follows the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) three cycle system, usually referred to as the "LMD" sytem in French.

Training is provided at three levels – undergraduate (Licence), graduate (Master) and PhD studies (Doctorat) – and based on the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS).
Courses and degrees are converted into ECTS credits that act as a "Euopean exchange currency" by representing learning according to defined learning outcomes and their associated workload.

The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System enables students to have their academic qualifications and study periods abroad recognized more easily from one higher education institution to another and helps students to move between countries of the European Higher Education Area.